A Noise Reduction Method Based on Linear Prediction with Variable Step-Size

Arata KAWAMURA  Youji IIGUNI  Yoshio ITOH  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E88-A   No.4   pp.855-861
Publication Date: 2005/04/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e88-a.4.855
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Selected Papers from the 17th Workshop on Circuits and Systems in Karuizawa)
Category: 
Keyword: 
noise reduction,  linear prediction,  variable step-size,  

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Summary: 
A noise reduction technique that uses the linear prediction to remove noise components in speech signals has been proposed previously. The noise reduction works well for additive white noise signals, because the coefficients of the linear predictor converge such that the prediction error becomes white. In this method, the linear predictor is updated by a gradient-based algorithm with a fixed step-size. However, the optimal value of the step-size changes with the values of the prediction coefficients. In this paper, we propose a noise reduction system using the linear predictor with a variable step-size. The optimal value of the step-size depends also on the variance of the white noise, however the variance is unknown. We therefore introduce a speech/non-speech detector, and estimate the variance in non-speech segments where the observed signal includes only noise components. The simulation results show that the noise reduction capability of the proposed system is better than that of the conventional one with a fixed step-size.