Speech Enhancement by Spectral Subtraction Based on Subspace Decomposition

Tetsuya HOYA
Yoshihisa ISHIDA

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E88-A    No.3    pp.690-701
Publication Date: 2005/03/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e88-a.3.690
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Speech and Hearing
speech enhancement,  spectral subtraction,  subspace decomposition,  MUSIC algorithm,  

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This paper presents a novel algorithm for spectral subtraction (SS). The method is derived from a relation between the spectrum obtained by the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) and that by a subspace decomposition method. By using the relation, it is shown that a noise reduction algorithm based on subspace decomposition is led to an SS method in which noise components in an observed signal are eliminated by subtracting variance of noise process in the frequency domain. Moreover, it is shown that the method can significantly reduce computational complexity in comparison with the method based on the standard subspace decomposition. In a similar manner to the conventional SS methods, our method also exploits the variance of noise process estimated from a preceding segment where speech is absent, whereas the noise is present. In order to more reliably detect such non-speech segments, a novel robust voice activity detector (VAD) is then proposed. The VAD utilizes the spread of eigenvalues of an autocorrelation matrix corresponding to the observed signal. Simulation results show that the proposed method yields an improved enhancement quality in comparison with the conventional SS based schemes.