Dynamic Range Improvement of Multistage Multibit ΣΔ Modulator for Low Oversampling Ratios

Teng-Hung CHANG  Lan-Rong DUNG  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E88-A    No.2    pp.451-460
Publication Date: 2005/02/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e88-a.2.451
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Analog Circuit Techniques and Related Topics)
ΣΔ modulators,  analog-to-digital converters (ADCs),  multistage (MASH),  multibit quantizer,  dynamic range improvement,  

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This paper presents an improved architecture of the multistage multibit sigma-delta modulators (ΣΔMs) for wide-band applications. Our approach is based on two resonator topologies, high-Q cascade-of-resonator-with-feedforward (HQCRFF) and low-Q cascade-of-integrator-with-feedforward (LQCIFF). Because of in-band zeros introduced by internal loop filters, the proposed architecture enhances the suppression of the in-band quantization noise at a low OSR. The HQCRFF-based modulator with single-bit quantizer has two modes of operation, modulation and oscillation. When the HQCRFF-based modulator is operating in oscillation mode, the feedback path from the quantizer output to the input summing node is disabled and hence the modulator output is free of the quantization noise terms. Although operating in oscillation mode is not allowed for single-stage ΣΔM, the oscillation of HQCRFF-based modulator can improve dynamic range (DR) of the multistage (MASH) ΣΔM. The key to improving DR is to use HQCRFF-based modulator in the first stage and have the first stage oscillated. When the first stage oscillates, the coarse quantization noise vanishes and hence circuit nonidealities, such as finite op-amp gain and capacitor mismatching, do not cause leakage quantization noise problem. According to theoretical and numerical analysis, the proposed MASH architecture can inherently have wide DR without using additional calibration techniques.