Quality and Power Efficient Architecture for the Discrete Cosine Transform

Chi-Chia SUNG  Shanq-Jang RUAN  Bo-Yao LIN  Mon-Chau SHIE  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E88-A   No.12   pp.3500-3507
Publication Date: 2005/12/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e88-a.12.3500
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on VLSI Design and CAD Algorithms)
Category: VLSI Architecture
Loeffler DCT,  binDCT,  DAA,  SSIM,  low power,  

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In recent years, the demand for multimedia mobile battery-operated devices has created a need for low power implementation of video compression. Many compression standards require the discrete cosine transform (DCT) function to perform image/video compression. For this reason, low power DCT design has become more and more important in today's image/video processing. This paper presents a new power-efficient Hybrid DCT architecture which combines Loeffler DCT and binDCT in terms of special property on luminance and chrominance difference. We use Synopsys PrimePower to estimate the power consumption in a TSMC 0.25-µm technology. Besides, we also adopt a novel quality assessment method based on structural distortion measurement to measure the quality instead of peak signal to noise rations (PSNR) and mean squared error (MSE). It is concluded that our Hybrid DCT offers similar quality performance to the Loeffler, and leads to 25% power consumption and 27% chip area savings.