Performance Analysis Based on Channel Matrix Eigenvalue for MIMO Systems in LOS Environments

Yutaka MURAKAMI  Kiyotaka KOBAYASHI  Masayuki ORIHASHI  Takashi MATSUOKA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E88-A   No.10   pp.2926-2936
Publication Date: 2005/10/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e88-a.10.2926
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Information Theory and Its Applications)
Category: MIMO System
MIMO,  BER performance,  LOS,  phase relation of direct paths,  channel matrix eigenvalue,  

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This paper makes an examination of BER (bit error rate) performance in 22 MIMO (Multi-Input Multi-Output) systems using spatial multiplexing in a LOS (line-of-sight) environment by analysis using the eigenvalue and eigenvector of the channel matrix and simulation. It is shown that BER performance in a LOS environment is dependent on the phase relation of direct paths and the minimum squared absolute value of the eigenvalue, which are determined by the propagated distance. A technique for improving BER performance in a LOS environment is then considered based on these findings. A receive antenna selection (RAS) technique is presented which uses the minimum squared absolute value of the channel matrix eigenvalue. Proof is then given that BER performance is improved using this RAS technique, thus making clear the validity of this approach for obtaining optimum BER performance in a LOS environment.