F0 Dynamics in Singing: Evidence from the Data of a Baritone Singer

Hiroki MORI
Wakana ODAGIRI
Hideki KASUYA

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E87-D    No.5    pp.1086-1092
Publication Date: 2004/05/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Speech Dynamics by Ear, Eye, Mouth and Machine)
Category: 
Keyword: 
singing voice,  overshoot,  transition time,  asymmetry,  voice synthesizer,  

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Summary: 
Transitional fundamental frequency (F0) characteristics comprise a crucial part of F0 dynamics in singing. This paper examines the F0 characteristics during the note transition period. An analysis of the singing voice of a professional baritone strongly suggests that asymmetries exist in the mechanisms used for controlling rising and falling. Specifically, the F0 contour in rising transitions can be modeled as a step response from a critically-damped second-order linear system with fixed average/maximum speed of change, whereas that in falling transitions can be modeled as a step response from an underdamped second-order linear system with fixed transition time. The validity of the model is examined through auditory experiments using synthesized singing voice.


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