Region Extraction with Chromakey Using Stripe Backgrounds

Atsushi YAMASHITA  Toru KANEKO  Shinya MATSUSHITA  Kenjiro T. MIURA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E87-D   No.1   pp.66-73
Publication Date: 2004/01/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Machine Vision Applications)
Category: Methodologies
Keyword: 
chromekey,  region extraction,  stripe,  color segmentation,  

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Summary: 
In this paper, we propose a new region extraction method with a chromakey technique using a two-tone striped background. A chromakey compositing is a technique for separating actors or actresses from a background, and then compositing a different background. The conventional chromakey technique usually uses an unicolored blue or green background, and has a problem that one's clothes are regarded as the background if their colors are same with the background's color. Therefore, we use two-tone striped background and utilize the adjacency condition between two-tone striped areas on the background to extract the foreground regions whose colors are same with the background. The procedure of our proposed method consists of four steps: 1) background color extraction, 2) striped region extraction, 3) foreground extraction, and 4) image composition. As to the background color extraction, the color space approach is used. As to the striped region extraction, it is difficult to extract striped region by a color space approach because the color of this region may be a composite of two background colors and different from them. Therefore, the striped region is extracted from adjacency conditions between two background colors. As to the foreground extraction, the boundary between the foreground and the background is detected to recheck the foreground region whose color is same as the background, and the background region whose color is same as the foreground. To detect the region whose color is same as the background, the adjacency conditions with the striped region are utilized. As to the image composition, the process that smoothes the color of the foreground's boundary against the new background is carried out to create natural images. The validity of proposed method is shown through experiments with the foreground objects whose color is same as the background color.