VLSI-Oriented Motion Estimation Using a Steepest Descent Method in Mobile Video Coding

Masayuki MIYAMA  Junichi MIYAKOSHI  Kousuke IMAMURA  Hideo HASHIMOTO  Masahiko YOSHIMOTO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E87-C   No.4   pp.466-474
Publication Date: 2004/04/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Low-Power System LSI, IP and Related Technologies)
MPEG,  motion estimation,  gradient based method,  steepest descent method,  low power,  VLSI,  

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This paper describes a VLSI-oriented motion estimation algorithm using a steepest descent method (SDM) applied to MPEG-4 visual communication with a mobile terminal. The SDM algorithm is optimized for QCIF or CIF resolution video and VLSI implementation. The SDM combined with a subblock search method is developed to enhance picture quality. Simulation results show that a mean PSNR drop of the SDM algorithm processing QCIF 15 fps resolution video in comparison with a full search algorithm is -0.17 dB. Power consumption of a VLSI based on the SDM algorithm assuming 0.18 µm CMOS technology is estimated at 2 mW. The VLSI attains higher picture quality than that based on the other fast motion estimation algorithm, and is applicable to mobile video applications.