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Dispersion Controlled and Polarization Maintaining Photonic Crystal Fibers for High Performance Network Systems
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics
Publication Date: 2004/03/01
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section INVITED PAPER (Special Section on Photonic Crystals and Their Device Applications)
optical fibers, photonic crystal fibers, polarization maintaining fibers,
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Recent progress on photonic crystal fibers is reviewed aiming at their application to high performance networks. A photonic crystal fiber has an array of air holes surrounding the silica core region. Light is confined to the core by the refractive index difference between the core and the array of air holes. Photonic crystal fibers have special characteristics compared with conventional single mode fibers. One is that the dispersion characteristics can be designed. Another characteristic, that strong birefringence can be established by sizing and/or arranging the air holes, is expected to realize a polarization maintaining fiber with high birefringence of the order of 110-3. This paper will describe the characteristics of dispersion controlled PCFs and polarization maintaining PCFs that include supercontinuum generation and absolute single polarization characteristics for various types of optical devices in high performance network systems.