Field-Programmable VLSI Based on a Bit-Serial Fine-Grain Architecture

Masanori HARIYAMA  Weisheng CHONG  Michitaka KAMEYAMA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E87-C   No.11   pp.1897-1902
Publication Date: 2004/11/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on New System Paradigms for Integrated Electronics)
Category: 
Keyword: 
reconfigurable architecture,  FPGA,  bit-serial architecture,  

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Summary: 
This paper presents a novel architecture to solve two problems of existing FPGAs : the large delay and area due to complex programmable switch blocks, and the large area due to coarse-grain logic blocks that are underutilized to a great degree. A mesh-connected cellular array based on a bit-serial pipeline architecture is introduced to minimize complexity of switch blocks. A fine-grain logic block architecture with a functionality of a bit-serial adder is presented to minimize the number of inputs and outputs of the logic block since increase in the number of inputs and outputs directly increases the complexity of a switch block. For an area-efficient design, the logic block is implemented based on a hybrid of a programmable logic gate and a dedicated carry logic. The hybrid architecture allows us to use a small lookup table to implement the logic gate. Moreover, the carry logic uses a functional pass-gate that merges both logic and storage functions compactly. The performance of the fine-grain field-programmable VLSI (FPVLSI) is evaluated to be more than 2 times higher than that of a coarse-grain FPVLSI.