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Design of a Charge Domain CMOS Time-of-Flight Range Image Sensor
Izhal ABDUL HALIN Shoji KAWAHITO
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics
Publication Date: 2004/11/01
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on New System Paradigms for Integrated Electronics)
time-of-flight, inverting amplifiers, range resolution, active illumination,
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In this paper we present a new type of CMOS Time-of-Flight (TOF) range image sensor based on CMOS Active Pixel Sensor (APS) techniques. The TOF sensor features high-speed and efficient photo-charge transfer that is essential in range imaging. The rapid and efficient charge transfer is made possible by the use of a high-gain inverting amplifier and capacitors connected alternatively to the feedback path. This leads to the cost-effective implementation of the system. The analysis of simulation results suggests that the proposed technique can achieve a sufficient range resolution of millimeters to centimeters depending on the maximum measured range, if the noise is dominated by photon shot noise.