A Feedback Controller for Overloaded Web Requests

Sukyong JUNG  Bongjik KANG  Jangbok KIM  Kyunghee CHOI  Gihyun JUNG  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E87-B   No.9   pp.2816-2819
Publication Date: 2004/09/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Multimedia Systems for Communications" Multimedia Systems for Communications
Keyword: 
Internet,  feedback control,  web server,  

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Summary: 
We propose a feedback controller to efficiently control web requests especially on overloaded networks. The controller is designed based on a feedback closed loop that prevents overload of web server and enforces target CPU utilization via controlling the amount of input web requests. The main contribution of this letter is the use of feedback control theory to design the controller that delicately regulates web requests even under the dynamic changes in processing power of web server. In contrast with many previous heuristic methods, the proposed controller uses a systematic approach to adaptively control web requests taking account of the dynamic behavior of web server. Simulation results performed in overloaded cases show that the proposed controller lets web server effectively control input web requests and reach its CPU utilization to desired levels in relatively small settling times.