Mismatch of Packet Recovery Mechanisms for Bit Error and Handover in Wireless TCP

Yu SAKAI  Yosuke MATSUSHITA  Takahiro MATSUDA  Miki YAMAMOTO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E87-B   No.9   pp.2626-2633
Publication Date: 2004/09/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Networking Technologies for Mobile Internet Systems)
Category: TCP
Keyword: 
wireless,  TCP,  ARQ,  handover,  buffer control,  

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Summary: 
In wireless environment, TCP suffers from significant performance degradation due to bit errors on wireless link and handovers because it responds to all packet losses by invoking congestion control even though packet losses are not related to congestion. Several schemes have been proposed to improve the performance degradation due to each cause. They have been evaluated in a specific network environment where either bit errors or handover occurs, i.e. they do not occur at the same time. In this paper, we reveal the packet recovery mismatch problem in an environment where both of bit errors and handover can cause the performance degradation. We pick up one scenario that TCP traffic is transmitted in the situation that ARQ (Automatic Repeat reQuest) and packet forwarding are implemented together. They are proposed to reduce the influence of bit errors and handover respectively and are natural approaches from the viewpoint of protocol layering. Computer simulation shows that in that scenario both techniques cannot perform efficiently due to interaction of each other. We also propose two buffer control approaches to resolve the packet recovery mismatch problem in our scenario according to applicability of cross-layer operation between layer 2 and layer 3.