Mobile Broadcast Streaming Service and Protocols on Unidirectional Radio Channels

Takeshi YOSHIMURA  Tomoyuki OHYA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E87-B   No.9   pp.2596-2604
Publication Date: 2004/09/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Networking Technologies for Mobile Internet Systems)
Category: Multicast/Broadcast
multimedia streaming,  broadcast,  unidirectional channel,  

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In this paper, we propose a set of broadcast streaming protocols designed for unidirectional radio channels. Considering the limited size and implementation overhead on a mobile terminal, the proposed protocol set is almost compliant with the current mobile streaming protocols, i.e. 3GPP PSS (Packet-switched Streaming Service), except for that the proposed protocols are designed to work on a unidirectional downlink channel. This protocol set enables flexible layout rendering by SMIL (Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language) in combination with SDP (Session Description Protocol), and reliable and synchronized static media (including still image and text) delivery by RTP (Real-time Transport Protocol) carousel. We present the prototype of this protocol set and measure its performance of video quality and waiting time for video presentation through a W-CDMA radio channel emulator and header compression nodes. From the experimental results, we show 1) trade-off between video quality and waiting time, 2) advantage and disadvantage of header compression, 3) effectiveness of synchronized transmission of SDP, SMIL, and I-frames of video objects, and 4) reliability of RTP-carousel. This protocol set is applicable to 3G MBMS (Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast Service) streaming service.