The Weights Determination Scheme for MIMO Beamforming in Frequency-Selective Fading Channels

Huy Hoang PHAM  Tetsuki TANIGUCHI  Yoshio KARASAWA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E87-B   No.8   pp.2243-2249
Publication Date: 2004/08/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technology
Keyword: 
smart antennas,  frequency-selective fading,  multipath,  MIMO,  wireless communication systems,  

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Summary: 
Smart or adaptive antennas promise to provide significant space-time communications against fading in wireless communication systems. In this paper, we propose multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) beamforming for frequency-selective fading channels to maximize the Signal-to-Noise and Interference Ratio (SINR) based on an iterative update algorithm of transmit and receive weight vectors with prior knowledge of the channel state information (CSI) at both the transmitter and receiver. We derive the necessary conditions for an optimum weight vector solution and propose an iterative weight update algorithm for an optimal SINR reception. The Maximum Signal-to-Noise (MSN) method, where noise includes the additive gaussian noise and interference signals, is used as a criterion. The proposed MIMO with M N arrays allows the cancellation of M + N - 2 delayed channels. Computer simulations are presented to verify our analysis. The results show that significant improvements in performance are possible in wireless communication systems.