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Joint Frequency-Domain Equalization and Antenna Diversity Combining for Orthogonal Multicode DS-CDMA Signal Transmissions in a Frequency-Selective Fading Channel
Takeshi ITAGAKI Fumiyuki ADACHI
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
Publication Date: 2004/07/01
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technology
frequency-domain equalization, antenna diversity, multicode DS-CDMA, frequency-selective fading,
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Orthogonal multicode direct sequence code division multiple access (DS-CDMA) has the flexibility in offering various data rate services. However, in a frequency-selective fading channel, the bit error rate (BER) performance is severely degraded since the othogonality among spreading codes is partially lost. In this paper, we apply frequency-domain equalization and antenna diversity combining, used in multi-carrier CDMA (MC-CDMA), to orthogonal multicode DS-CDMA in order to restore the code othogonality while achieving frequency and antenna diversity effect. It is found by computer simulations that the joint use of frequency-domain equalization and antenna diversity combining can significantly improve the BER performance of orthogonal multicode DS-CDMA in a frequency-selective fading channel.