A Study of Aspect Ratio of the Aperture and the Effect on Antenna Efficiency in Oversized Rectangular Slotted Waveguide Arrays

Hisahiro KAI  Jiro HIROKAWA  Makoto ANDO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E87-B   No.6   pp.1623-1630
Publication Date: 2004/06/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antenna and Propagation
parallel plate slotted waveguide arrays,  oversized rectangular slotted waveguide arrays,  aperture efficiency,  aperture illumination,  aspect ratio,  

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A post-wall waveguide-fed parallel plate slotted array is an attractive candidate for high efficiency and mass producible planar array antennas for millimeter wave applications. For the slot design of this large sized array, a periodic boundary wall model based on the assumption of infinite array size and a parallel waveguide is used. In fact, the aperture is large but still finite (10-40 wavelength) and the TEM-like wave is perturbed due to the narrow walls at the periphery of the aperture as well as the slot coupling; antenna efficiency is affected by the size and the aspect ratio of the aperture. All these observations imply the unique defects of oversized waveguide arrays. In this paper, the aperture efficiency of post-wall waveguide arrays is assessed as a function of size and aspect ratio of the aperture for the first time, both in theory and measurement. An effective field analysis for an electrically large oversized waveguide array, developed by the author, is utilized for determining the slot excitation coefficients and aperture illumination. It is predicted that the oversized waveguide array has a potential efficiency of 80-90% if the aperture is larger than 18 wavelength on a side and the gain is more than 30 dBi. A transversely wide aperture generally provides higher efficiency than a longitudinally long aperture, provided a perfectly uniform TEM wave would be launched from the feed waveguide.