Signature and Chip Waveform Designs for Asynchronous CDMA Systems

Ha H. NGUYEN  Ed SHWEDYK  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E87-B   No.5   pp.1306-1317
Publication Date: 2004/05/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technology
Keyword: 
CDMA,  signature waveform,  chip waveform,  bandwidth constraint,  interference cancellation,  

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Summary: 
In this paper, the design of signature waveforms for asynchronous CDMA systems equipped with a correlation receiver is first considered. Optimal signature waveforms that minimize the average multiple access interference (MAI) at the output of a correlation receiver are found, while satisfying the constraint on available transmission bandwidth. Comparison to signature waveforms previously obtained for synchronous systems is also made to justify the superior performance of the designed signature waveforms in asynchronous systems. Furthermore, for direct-sequence CDMA (DS-CDMA) systems with random signature sequences, the use of multiple chip waveforms is also proposed as a means of suppressing MAI. Bandwidth constrained multiple chip waveforms that maximize the signal-to-interference ratio (SIR) at the output of each correlation receiver are found. Numerical results show that by using double chip waveforms instead of a single chip waveform, it is possible to reduce the MAI by 10% for a fixed transmission bandwidth (or equivalently, to save about 10% of transmission bandwidth for a given SIR requirement). The advantage of using double chip waveforms is also demonstrated in terms of the bit error rate (BER), whose calculation is based on our extension to Holtzman's approximation in.