Mechanical Phase Shifting in the Power Divider for Single-Layer Slotted Waveguide Arrays

Makoto HIGAKI  Jiro HIROKAWA  Makoto ANDO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E87-B   No.2   pp.310-316
Publication Date: 2004/02/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
Keyword: 
single-layer slotted waveguide array,  mechanical beam scanning,  power divider,  mechanical phase shiter,  

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Summary: 
A mechanical phase shifter is designed for beam scanning in co-phase fed single-layer slotted waveguide arrays. The multiple-way power divider in this array consists of a series of π-junctions with one guide wavelength spacing in a feed waveguide. The movable narrow walls placed between the π-junctions perturb the guide wavelength as well as the phase of output ports. Method of Moment (MoM) analysis for one unit consisting of one movable plate and two junctions is conducted to estimate the available phase shift as well as the degradation of reflection. A phase shift of 86 degrees is predicted between two π-junctions under the condition of reflection below -20 dB; experiments at 4 GHz confirmed the design. The beam scanning capability of the arrays is also surveyed and the beam-scanning of about 10 degrees is predicted.