Reverse Link Performance Improvement for Wideband OFDM Using Alamouti Coded Heterogeneous Polarization Antennas

Chang-Jun AHN  Yukiyoshi KAMIO  Satoshi TAKAHASHI  Hiroshi HARADA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E87-B    No.11    pp.3281-3288
Publication Date: 2004/11/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
OFDM,  STBC,  polarization,  XPD,  

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The combination of OFDM and multiple antennas in either the transmitter or receiver is attractive to increase a diversity gain. However, multiple antennas system requires an antenna separation of 5-10 λ to keep the correlation coefficient below 0.7 for the space diversity, so this may be difficult to implement in a mobile station with high mobility. Recently, the polarization transmit diversity is considered in a mobile station. However, polarization transmit diversity requires twice transmit powers to compare with the conventional transmit diversity, since only vertically polar antenna cannot receive the horizontal signal components. In this paper, we express the cross correlation of each polarization antenna and the cross polarization discrimination (XPD) of multiple polarization antennas with simple model, and we propose an wideband OFDM using Alamouti coded heterogeneous polarization antennas for reducing the previous problem. From the simulated results, the proposed system shows better BER performance than that of the conventional STBC/OFDM.