Feedback-Based Adaptive Video Streaming over Lossy Channels

Jong-Ok KIM  Hideki TODE  Koso MURAKAMI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E87-B    No.10    pp.3076-3084
Publication Date: 2004/10/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Multimedia Systems for Communications" Multimedia Systems for Communications
streaming video,  ARQ,  packet scheduling,  packet loss recovery,  lossy channel,  

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In packet networks including the Internet and commercial 3G wireless bearers, the network states that a streaming media application experiences are not known a priori and exhibit time-varying characteristics. For such dynamic environments, network-adaptive techniques are essential to efficiently deliver video data. In this paper, we propose a frame-based optimal scheduling algorithm which incorporates a MAP (Maximum A Posteriori) framework for adapting to varying network loss rate. The optimal transmission schedule is determined such that effective frame-rate is maximized at playback. Also, for multiple packets per frame, frame-based selection of delivery order greatly reduces computational complexity for a server scheduler when compared with packet-based scheduling techniques. In addition, by dynamically estimating instantaneous packet loss probability, the proposed scheduler performs network-adaptive transmission for streaming video over time-varying packet networks. Simulation results for test video sequence show that the proposed scheduling algorithm outperforms conventional ARQ-based schemes from a view point of reconstructed video quality as well as playable frame-rate. In particular, the proposed scheduling algorithm exhibits significant improvements of frame-rate over highly lossy channels.