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Bit Error Rate Analysis of DS-CDMA with Joint Frequency-Domain Equalization and Antenna Diversity Combining
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
Publication Date: 2004/10/01
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
DS-CDMA, frequency-domain equalization, antenna diversity, mobile radio,
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To improve the DS-CDMA signal transmission performance in a frequency-selective fading channel, the frequency-domain equalization (FDE) can be applied, in which simple one-tap equalization is carried out on each subcarrier component obtained by fast Fourier transform (FFT). Equalization weights for joint FDE and antenna diversity combining based on maximal ratio combining (MRC), zero-forcing (ZF), and minimum mean square error (MMSE) are derived. The conditional bit error rate (BER) is derived for the given set of channel gains in a frequency-selective multipath fading channel. The theoretical average BER performance is evaluated by Monte-Carlo numerical computation method using the derived conditional BER and is confirmed by computer simulation. Performance comparison between DS- and multi-carrier (MC)-CDMA both using FDE is also presented.