Robust VQ-Based Digital Watermarking for the Memoryless Binary Symmetric Channel

Jeng-Shyang PAN  Min-Tsang SUNG  Hsiang-Cheh HUANG  Bin-Yih LIAO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E87-A   No.7   pp.1839-1841
Publication Date: 2004/07/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Image
digital watermarking,  vector quantization,  binary symmetric channel,  genetic algorithm,  

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A new scheme for watermarking based on vector quantization (VQ) over a binary symmetric channel is proposed. By optimizing VQ indices with genetic algorithm, simulation results not only demonstrate effective transmission of watermarked image, but also reveal the robustness of the extracted watermark.