A Robust Blind Image Watermarking Scheme Based on Vector Quantization

Soo-Chang PEI  Jun-Horng CHEN  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E87-A    No.4    pp.912-919
Publication Date: 2004/04/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Image
Keyword: 
VQ,  blind watermark,  robustness,  binary tree splitting,  JPEG,  

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Summary: 
Watermarking schemes have been extensively discussed and developed recently. People are usually facing the dilemma of two factors, robustness and transparency. To achieve these requirements, embedding the watermark message in the transform domain or the spatial domain is usually considered. In this paper, we will propose a blind image watermarking scheme based on vector quantization. By exploiting a modified binary tree splitting method, a stable codebook could be generated so that the watermark message could be novelly embedded and survive the JPEG compression and the Gaussian noise addition. The embedded message could be extracted without referring the host image. It makes the scheme more practical.