A Fingerprint Matching Algorithm Using Phase-Only Correlation

Koichi ITO  Hiroshi NAKAJIMA  Koji KOBAYASHI  Takafumi AOKI  Tatsuo HIGUCHI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E87-A   No.3   pp.682-691
Publication Date: 2004/03/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Applications and Implementations of Digital Signal Processing)
Category: Digital Signal Processing for Pattern Recognition
phase-only correlation,  phase-only matched filtering,  phase correlation,  biometrics,  fingerprint verification,  fingerprint identification,  

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This paper presents an algorithm for fingerprint matching using the Phase-Only Correlation (POC) function. One of the most difficult problems in human identification by fingerprints has been that the matching performance is significantly influenced by fingertip surface condition, which may vary depending on environmental or personal causes. This paper proposes a new fingerprint matching algorithm using phase spectra of fingerprint images. The proposed algorithm is highly robust against fingerprint image degradation due to inadequate fingertip conditions. A set of experiments is carried out using fingerprint images captured by a pressure sensitive fingerprint sensor. The proposed algorithm exhibits efficient identification performance even for difficult fingerprint images that could not be identified by the conventional matching algorithms.