Sparse Realization of Passive Reduced-Order Interconnect Models via PRIMA


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E87-A   No.1   pp.251-257
Publication Date: 2004/01/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: VLSI Design Technology and CAD
signal integrity,  interconnects,  passive reduced-order models,  PRIMA,  SPICE,  

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This paper describes a sparse realization of passive reduced-order interconnect models via PRIMA to provide the SPICE compatible models. It is demonstrated that, if the SPICE models are directly realized so that the reduced-order equations obtained via PRIMA are stamped into the MNA matrix, the simulations of networks containing the macromodels become computationally inefficient when size of the reduced-order equations is relatively large. This is due to dense coefficient matrices of the reduced-order equations resulting from congruent transformations in PRIMA. To overcome this disadvantage, we propose a sparse realization of the reduced-order models. Since the expression is equivalent to the reduced-order equations, the passivity of the SPICE models generated is also guaranteed. Computational efficiency on SPICE is demonstrated in performing the transient analysis of circuits containing the proposed macromodels.