Analysis of Baby-Step Giant-Step Algorithms for Non-uniform Distributions

Koh-ichi NAGAO  Shigenori UCHIYAMA  Naoki KANAYAMA  Kazuto MATSUO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E87-A   No.1   pp.10-17
Publication Date: 2004/01/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Cryptography and Information Security)
Category: Fundamental
baby-step giant-step algorithm,  finite group,  

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The baby-step giant-step algorithm, BSGS for short, was proposed by Shanks in order to compute the class number of an imaginary quadratic field. This algorithm is at present known as a very useful tool for computing with respect to finite groups such as the discrete logarithms and counting the number of the elements. Especially, the BSGS is normally made use of counting the rational points on the Jacobian of a hyperelliptic curve over a finite field. Indeed, research on the practical improvement of the BSGS has recently received a lot of attention from a cryptographic viewpoint. In this paper, we explicitly analyze the modified BSGS, which is for non-uniform distributions of the group order, proposed by Blackburn and Teske. More precisely, we refine the Blackburn-Teske algorithm, and also propose a criterion for the decision of the effectiveness of their algorithm; namely, our proposed criterion explicitly shows that what distribution is needed in order that their proposed algorithm is faster than the original BSGS. That is, we for the first time present a necessary and sufficient condition under which the modified BSGS is effective.