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Overlapping PPM Fiber-Optic CDMA Systems with Imperfect Code Synchronization
Anh T. PHAM Hiroyuki YASHIMA
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
Publication Date: 2004/10/01
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section LETTER (Special Section on Information Theory and Its Applications)
Category: Spread Spectrum Thchnologies and Applications
optical code-division multiple-access, overlapping pulse-position modulation, optical orthogonal code, code synchronization,
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This paper theoretically evaluates the performance of overlapping pulse-position modulation (OPPM) fiber-optic code-division multiple-access (FO-CDMA) systems in the presence of code synchronization errors. The analysis is carried out with a constraint on throughput-pulsewidth product. Discussions on effects of various system parameters, such as timing offset, index of overlap, number of users, are presented. The results show that the OPPM FO-CDMA systems with high index of overlaps have better resistance against imperfect synchronization. In fact, the acceptable performance could be maintained even with timing offsets of up to 30% of chip pulsewidth. On the other hand, strict code synchronization is necessarily required, preferably within a half code chip pulsewidth.