Performance Evaluation for a New Quasi-Synchronous CDMA System Employing Generalized Orthogonal Sequences

Li HAO  Pingzhi FAN  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E86-D    No.9    pp.1513-1524
Publication Date: 2003/09/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Parallel and Distributed Computing, Applications and Technologies)
Category: Networking and Architectures
QS-CDMA,  spreading sequences,  generalized orthogonal sequence,  M-QAM,  BPSK,  

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In this paper, a quasi-synchronous code-division multiple-access (QS-CDMA) is investigated for application in the reverse link of a microcellular or indoor mobile communication environment. In a QS-CDMA system, the relative time delay between the signals of different users is normally restricted within a few chips. Generalized orthogonal (GO) codes added with guard chips are employed as the spreading sequences in this paper and the strict timing error restrictions for BPSK and M-QAM modulation schemes are derived based on the correlation properties of GO code set which determines the multiple access interference (MAI). The results reveal that the system employing GO code set with bigger GO zone can tolerate more serious timing error, and higher order modulation schemes require stricter synchronization. Based on the system model presented, the BER performance for BPSK and M-QAM is evaluated by Gaussian Approximation (GA) and Monte Carlo simulation. The system capacity in terms of acquirable total bit rates are also evaluated, revealing that if system synchronization error is limited within the GO zone, M-QAM scheme can be utilized to improve the system capacity.