A New Texture Feature Based on PCA Pattern Maps and Its Application to Image Retrieval

Xiang-Yan ZENG  Yen-Wei CHEN  Zensho NAKAO  Hanqing LU  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E86-D   No.5   pp.929-936
Publication Date: 2003/05/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Pattern Recognition
texture feature,  pattern matching,  principal component analysis (PCA),  PCA pattern map,  image retrieval,  

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We propose a novel pixel pattern-based approach for texture classification, which is independent of the variance of illumination. Gray scale images are first transformed into pattern maps in which edges and lines, used for characterizing texture information, are classified by pattern matching. We employ principal component analysis (PCA) which is widely applied to feature extraction. We use the basis functions learned through PCA as templates for pattern matching. Using PCA pattern maps, the feature vector is comprised of the numbers of the pixels belonging to a specific pattern. The effectiveness of the new feature is demonstrated by applications to the image retrievals of the Brodatz texture database. Comparisons with multichannel and multiresolution features indicate that the new feature is quite time saving, free of the influence of illumination, and has comparable accuracy.