Design of RBF Neural Network Using An Efficient Hybrid Learning Algorithm with Application in Human Face Recognition with Pseudo Zernike Moment

Javad HADDADNIA  Karim FAEZ  Majid AHMADI  Payman MOALLEM  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E86-D   No.2   pp.316-325
Publication Date: 2003/02/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Biocybernetics, Neurocomputing
Keyword: 
RBF neural network,  pattern recognition,  face recognition,  learning algorithm,  

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Summary: 
This paper presents an efficient Hybrid Learning Algorithm (HLA) for Radial Basis Function Neural Network (RBFNN). The HLA combines the gradient method and the linear least squared method for adjusting the RBF parameters and connection weights. The number of hidden neurons and their characteristics are determined using an unsupervised clustering procedure, and are used as input parameters to the learning algorithm. We demonstrate that the HLA, while providing faster convergence in training phase, is also less sensitive to training and testing patterns. The proposed HLA in conjunction with RBFNN is used as a classifier in a face recognition system to show the usefulness of the learning algorithm. The inputs to the RBFNN are the feature vectors obtained by combining shape information and Pseudo Zernike Moment (PZM). Simulation results on the Olivetti Research Laboratory (ORL) database and comparison with other algorithms indicate that the HLA yields excellent recognition rate with less hidden neurons in human face recognition.