Ultrasonic Nondestructive Evaluation for Embedded Objects in Concrete Aided by Fuzzy Logic

Kouki NAGAMUNE  Kazuhiko TANIGUCHI  Syoji KOBASHI  Yutaka HATA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E86-D   No.1   pp.79-88
Publication Date: 2003/01/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Welfare Engineering
Keyword: 
non-destructive testing,  ultrasonic,  fuzzy,  concrete,  

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Summary: 
We describe a new automated method for detecting embedded objects in the ultrasonic non-destructive testing (NDT) system. A-scan waves collected by our developed system are converted into a B-scan image. The sensor system has the noise signals independent from targets to be detected. In the ultrasonic NDT system, the signals are due to disturbing of echoes produced by the transducers and multiple reflections. These signals are called inherent wave. This paper first proposes the estimation method of the inherent wave from the B-scan image. After this method subtracts the inherent wave, the resultant image (suppression image) is considered as the image consisting of only echoes from the embedded objects. Second, analysis of the intensity histogram of the suppression image leads the candidate points of embedded objects. Finally, fuzzy if-then rules can represent information on distribution of the intensity histogram and the homogeneous intensity levels of the objects. Evaluated degrees from the inference results can demonstrate the embedded objects. The method was applied to concrete members with reinforcing bars, resin tubes and steel pipes. The experimental results showed that this method was able to automatically detect the embedded objects with high accuracy and to display the location of embedded objects.