For Full-Text PDF, please login, if you are a member of IEICE,|
or go to Pay Per View on menu list, if you are a nonmember of IEICE.
A Packet Loss Recovery Method Using Packets Arrived behind the Playout Time for CELP Decoding
Masahiro SERIZAWA Hironori ITO
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems
Publication Date: 2003/12/01
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Speech and Hearing
packet loss recovery, speech coding, CELP, AMR,
Full Text: PDF>>
This paper proposes a packet loss recovery method using packets arrived behind the playout time for CELP (Code Excited Liner Prediction) decoding. The proposed method recovers synchronization of the filter states between encoding and decoding in the period following packet loss. The recovery is performed by replacing the degraded filter states with the ones calculated from the late arrival packet in decoding. When the proposed method is applied to the AMR (Adaptive Multi-Rate) speech decoder, it improves the segmental SNR (Signal-to-Noise Ratio) by 0.2 to 1.8 dB at packet loss rates of 2 to 10 % in case that all the packet losses occur due to their late arrival. PESQ (Perceptual Evaluation of Speech Quality) results also show that the proposed method slightly improves the speech quality. The subjective test results show that five-grade mean opinion scores are improved by 0.35 and 0.28 at a packet loss rate of 5 % at speech coding bitrates of 7.95 and 12.2 kbit/s, respectively.