Performance of Concurrency Control Schemes in Data Warehousing Systems

Jinbae KIM  Songchun MOON  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E86-D   No.11   pp.2395-2406
Publication Date: 2003/11/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Databases
Keyword: 
data warehouse,  consistency,  freshness,  concurrency control,  performance evaluation,  

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Summary: 
To speed up on-line analytical processing (OLAP), data warehouse, which is usually derived from operational databases, is introduced. When the operational databases happen to change, the data warehouse gets stale. To maintain the freshness of data warehouse, operational database changes need to be frequently and concurrently propagated into the data warehouse. However, if several update transactions are allowed to execute concurrently without an appropriate concurrency control, data inconsistency between data warehouse and operational databases could arise due to incorrect propagation of changes on the operational databases into the data warehouse. In this paper, we propose a new concurrency control scheme, which could execute a number of update transactions in a consistent way. Whenever an update transaction tries to update a data that is being used by OLAP transactions, our scheme allows the update transaction to create a new version of the data. To investigate the applicable areas of our scheme, its performance is evaluated by means of simulation approach. Our experimental results show that the proposed scheme enables OLAP transactions to continuously read a very fresh data without wasting a lot of time to find out an appropriate version of the data from the version pool.