An Ultra-High-Sensitivity HDTV Camcorder

Junichi YAMAZAKI  Masayuki MIYAZAKI  Tsuneo IHARA  Itaru MIZUNO  Kazuo YOSHIKAWA  Shigehiro KANAYAMA  Nobuo MATSUI  Takayoshi HIRUMA  Masaharu NISHIMURA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E86-C   No.9   pp.1810-1815
Publication Date: 2003/09/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Recent Progress in Photon Detection Technology)
HDTV,  camcorder,  GaAsP,  image intensifier,  high sensitivity,  

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An ultra-high-sensitivity HDTV color camcorder (camera with VTR) has been developed featuring image intensifiers with GaAsP photocathodes, which provide very high quantum efficiency. To achieve superior performance and a compact camera body, we combined three 1-inch image intensifiers with a 2/3-inch taking lens and three 2/3-inch CCDs by means of a new optical system capable of enlarging and reducing images. The camcorder provides excellent color reproducibility even under low light level conditions (0.2 lx) at an iris setting of f/2, with a signal-to-noise ratio of 55 dB at pedestal level. Its sensitivity is about 400 times greater than that of current HDTV CCD camcorders, making it particularly well suited for capturing images of faint objects in space, aurora, etc., filming the nocturnal activities of animals in their natural settings, and reporting breaking news at night.