On a Transmission Line Lowpass Filter Using Radial-Line Stubs

Iwata SAKAGAMI  Yanna HAO  Akihiro TOKUNOU  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E86-C    No.8    pp.1629-1634
Publication Date: 2003/08/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Microwave and Millimeter Wave Technology)
Category: 
Keyword: 
radial-line,  microstrip,  lowpass filter,  butterworth,  Chebyshev,  

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Summary: 
On a transmission line lowpass filter fabricated on a printed circuit board using open-circuited microstrip straight-line stubs, the frequency at the edge of a passband or stopband tends to be higher than the frequency determined by the filter synthesis theory. One of the reasons for this is thought to be the interconnection of a low-impedance straight-line stub and transmission lines. The length of a constituent transmission line cannot be determined precisely because of the finite width. Therefore, as a means of avoiding the frequency shift between a trial circuit and a theoretical one, we first introduce a radial-line stub, and then show the equivalency of a radial-line stub to a straight-line stub in a range of zero to the first resonant frequency from the view point of their input impedances. Dimensional data of radial-line stubs corresponding to low-impedance straight-line stubs are investigated with respect to examples of three-, five- and seven-element Butterworth and Chebyshev filters. It was found that frequency characteristics of trial lowpass filters using radial-line stubs agree well with theoretical characteristics known as the Butterworth or Chebyshev.