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On a Transmission Line Lowpass Filter Using Radial-Line Stubs
Iwata SAKAGAMI Yanna HAO Akihiro TOKUNOU
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics
Publication Date: 2003/08/01
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Microwave and Millimeter Wave Technology)
radial-line, microstrip, lowpass filter, butterworth, Chebyshev,
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On a transmission line lowpass filter fabricated on a printed circuit board using open-circuited microstrip straight-line stubs, the frequency at the edge of a passband or stopband tends to be higher than the frequency determined by the filter synthesis theory. One of the reasons for this is thought to be the interconnection of a low-impedance straight-line stub and transmission lines. The length of a constituent transmission line cannot be determined precisely because of the finite width. Therefore, as a means of avoiding the frequency shift between a trial circuit and a theoretical one, we first introduce a radial-line stub, and then show the equivalency of a radial-line stub to a straight-line stub in a range of zero to the first resonant frequency from the view point of their input impedances. Dimensional data of radial-line stubs corresponding to low-impedance straight-line stubs are investigated with respect to examples of three-, five- and seven-element Butterworth and Chebyshev filters. It was found that frequency characteristics of trial lowpass filters using radial-line stubs agree well with theoretical characteristics known as the Butterworth or Chebyshev.