A Review of Volumetric Erosion Studies in Low Voltage Electrical Contacts

John W. MCBRIDE  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E86-C   No.6   pp.908-914
Publication Date: 2003/06/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Recent Development of Electro-Mechanical Devices (IS-EMD 2002))
Category: Discharges & Related Phenomena
Keyword: 
3D surface metrology,  surface erosion,  wear,  arc erosion,  volumetric erosion,  

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Summary: 
This paper presents a review of volumetric erosion studies applied to electrical contacts. The numerical methods presented are generic and could equally be applied to a number of areas where surfaces have been eroded or damaged. Equally there is no scale limitation of the surfaces to which the numerical methods can be applied. The paper starts with an introduction of the issues associated with the measurement of contact erosion, and then presents a summary of various hardware system for making 3D measurements of surfaces such as electrical contacts. This is followed by a review of the generic form fitting methods and also volume calculation methods. The paper concludes with a review of results taken from a test system for contact studies and from contact samples taken from commercial relays.