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Growth and Characterization of Carbon Nanowalls
Kazuhito NISHIMURA Nan JIANG Akio HIRAKI
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics
Publication Date: 2003/05/01
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Field Electron Emission from Carbon Materials)
field emission, nanostructured carbon film, high luminescence, light-source,
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A type of carbon nanoform (carbon nanowalls: CNWs) has been successfully deposited on both Ni wafers and Ni wires using dc plasma chemical-vapor-deposition (CVD) method. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Raman spectroscopy were used to characterize CNWs' microstructure. It is found that CNWs are well crystallized, and each CNW consists of several pieces of curved graphene sheets, presenting a quasi-two-dimensional geometry. The average length and width of CNWs are about 2-4µm, while their thickness is less than 7nm. Field emission measurement showed that such CNW films exhibited the excellent electron emission efficiency, comparable to the high-grade carbon nanotube (CNT) emitters. The threshold field defined as the field to obtained 1µA/cm2 is less than 1V/µm and the electrical field for 1mA/cm2 current density is only about 1.5V/µm. Moreover, the CNWs have stable emission behaviors, and we have successfully fabricated a kind of high-brightness lamps based on the CNW coated Ni wires.