Sensitivity Analysis of Fast Frequency Hopping Multiple Access Systems due to the Frequency Offset under Rician Fading

Jeungmin JOO  Chiho LEE  Sungdon MOON  Yeomin YOON  Kiseon KIM  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E86-B   No.9   pp.2583-2591
Publication Date: 2003/09/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technology
Keyword: 
fast frequency hopping,  frequency offset,  threshold level,  Rician fading,  

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Summary: 
In order to investigate the sensitivity of fast frequency hopping-multiple access (FFH-MA) systems due to the frequency offset under Rician fading, we evaluate the bit error rate (BER) performance of the FFH-MA system using noncoherent M-ary frequency shift keying (FSK) with the hard decision decoding and the majority logic decision. Numerical results show that for satisfying the BER performance of 10-5 at a given normalized frequency offset of 0.2, the additional signal to noise ratio (SNR) of about 4 dB is required with the 8-ary FSK signaling compared to the case of the perfect frequency synchronization. While the frequency offset increases at a given SNR, the BER is more severely degraded, and subsequently, the BER performance is saturated at the normalized frequency offset of 0.5 regardless of fading environments. For the SNRs of more than 15 dB, the threshold level of the receiver suffering from normalized frequency offsets of less than 0.4 should be larger than that of the perfectly frequency synchronized receiver.