A Distributed Request Based CDMA Reservation ALOHA for Multi-Media Integration in Cellular Systems

Kyeong HUR  Doo Seop EOM  Kyun Hyon TCHAH  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E86-B    No.2    pp.718-731
Publication Date: 2003/02/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technology
CDMA/PRMA,  multi-class service,  multi-rate transmission,  handoff,  

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In this paper, we propose a Distributed Request based CDMA Reservation ALOHA protocol to support multi-class services, such as voice, data, and videophone services, efficiently in multi-rate transmission cellular systems. The proposed protocol introduces a frame structure composed of an access slot and an transmission slot and an adaptive access permission probability based on the estimated number of contending users for each service, in order to control MAI by limiting the access to slots. It can provide voice service without the voice packet dropping probability through the proposed code assignment scheme, unlike other CDMA/PRMA protocols. The code reservation is allowed for voice and videophone services. The low-rate data service basically uses the remaining codes among the codes reserved for the voice service, but it can also use the codes already assigned to voice calls during the their silent periods to utilize codes efficiently. On the other hand, the high-rate data service uses the codes reserved for itself and the remaining codes among the codes reserved for the videophone service. Using the analytic method based on the Markov-chain subsystem model for each service including the handoff calls in uplink cellular systems, we show that the proposed protocol can guarantee the constant GoS for the handoff calls even with a large number of contending users through the proposed code assignment scheme and the access permission probability. Also, we show that the data services are integrated efficiently on the multi-rate transmission environment.