Quality Enhancement of Video Services over QoS Controlled Networks

Junho JEONG  Jitae SHIN  Doug Young SUH  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E86-B   No.2   pp.562-571
Publication Date: 2003/02/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Internet Technology III)
Category: Streaming Service
Internet multimedia,  QoS,  integrated services,  differential services,  scalable video encoding,  

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In the past, enhancement techniques for the end-to-end quality of a networked application were studied by looking at each individual layer. Examples of such techniques include the error resilience/concealment methods in the application layer, the FEC/ARQ in the transport layer, and the Quality of Service (QoS) techniques in the network layers. However, an integrated approach that would look across all related layers had yet to be investigated. This paper proposes an approach that combines priority-aware video packetization, adaptively used layered FEC, and QoS controlled networks such as IntServ and DiffServ in order to provide an efficient end-to-end quality in layered streaming video. The combination is more efficient in terms of a simple network price mechanism, that is, in getting the best end-to-end quality under a given total cost constraint. Our proposed approach in DiffServ with video packet (VP) data-splitting and layered FEC guarantees minimal service quality in a scalable and cost effective manner without introducing resource reservation. For video, we also propose performance metrics such as corrupted/frozen frame ratio (CFR, FFR). These provide objective metrics like PSNR as well as a measurement for subjective perceptions. Our approach, which combines related layers such as video coding, transport, and network, has yielded results that have proven to be more cost-effective and practical than the supporting network QoS.