Efficient Predictive Bandwidth Allocation for Real Time Videos

Hong ZHAO  Nirwan ANSARI  Yun Q. SHI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E86-B   No.1   pp.443-450
Publication Date: 2003/01/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Multimedia Systems
Keyword: 
bandwidth prediction,  QoS,  LMS,  VBR,  

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Summary: 
The Quality of Service (QoS) requirements such as delay and cell loss ratio (CLR) are very stringent for video transmission. These constraints are difficult to meet if high network utilization is desired. Dynamic bandwidth allocation in which video traffic prediction can play an important role is thus needed. In this paper, we suggest to predict the variation of I frames instead of the actual size of I frames, and propose an algorithm that can achieve fast convergence and small prediction error, thus imposing QoS and attaining high network utilization. The performance of the scheme is studied using the renegotiated constant bit rate (RCBR) service model. The overall dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme based on our fast convergent algorithm is shown to be promising, and practically feasible for efficient transmission of real time videos.