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Beamspace-Time Transmit Diversity for Time-Domain Spreading OFDM-CDM Systems
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
Publication Date: 2003/01/01
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Multiple Access and Signal Transmission Techniques for Future Mobile Communications)
OFDM-CDM, space-time block code, fixed multi-beam transmit array, multi-user interference,
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This paper presents a beamspace-time transmit diversity scheme that uses a space-time block code (STBC) and a fixed multi-beam transmit array with low sidelobes for time-domain spreading orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing code-division multiplexing (OFDM-CDM) downlink transmission. The scheme assigns space-time-coded signals to a pair of neighboring beams via closed-loop beam selection. Time-domain spreading provides non-frequency selectivity in each spreading region, which makes it possible for multiple STBCs to share any beam and to be decoded after despreading. Simulation results demonstrated that multiple transmit beams and multiple receive antennas provide large beam gains and/or a high order of diversity gains. In addition, the proposed scheme spatially separates users by beam and thus alleviates multi-user interference.