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Cell Search Scheme Embedded with Carrier Frequency Synchronization in Broadband OFDM-CDM Systems
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
Publication Date: 2003/01/01
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Multiple Access and Signal Transmission Techniques for Future Mobile Communications)
OFDM-CDM, cell search, carrier frequency offset, carrier frequency synchronization,
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This paper presents a cell search scheme embedded with carrier frequency synchronization for inter-cell asynchronous orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing code-division multiplexing (OFDM-CDM) systems. Several subcarriers are dedicated to a differentially encoded synchronization channel (SCH). In the other subcarriers, data symbols and pilot symbols are two-dimensionally spread in the time-frequency domain. The cell search scheme consists of a three-stage cell search and a two-stage carrier-frequency synchronization, that is, coarse carrier-frequency acquisition, fast Fourier transform window-timing detection, SCH frame-timing detection, fine carrier-frequency synchronization, and cell-specific scrambling code (CSSC) identification. Simulation demonstrated that this scheme can identify the CSSC with high detection probability while precisely synchronizing the carrier frequency in severe frequency-selective fading channels.