A Kalman Filter Merging CV and Kinetic Acceleration Estimation Model Using Mode Probabilities

Masataka HASHIRAO  Tetsuya KAWASE  Iwao SASASE  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E86-B   No.10   pp.3147-3151
Publication Date: 2003/10/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Navigation, Guidance and Control Systems
Keyword: 
radar,  target tracking,  Kalman filter,  acceleration estimation,  

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Summary: 
For radar tracking, the α-β filter and the Kalman filter, both of which do not require large computational requirements, have been widely utilized. However these filters cannot track a maneuvering target accurately. In recent years, the IMM (Interactive Multiple Model) algorithm has been proposed. The IMM is expected to reduce tracking errors for both non-maneuvering and maneuvering target. However, the IMM requires heavy computational burden, because it utilizes multiple Kalman filters in parallel. On the other hand, the α-β filter with an acceleration term which can estimate maneuver acceleration from the past target estimated positions using the kinetic model, has been proposed. This filter is not available for tracking targets under clutter environment, since it does not calculate the covariance matrix which is needed for gate setting. In this paper, we apply the acceleration estimate to the Kalman filter, and propose the hybrid Kalman filter with a constant-velocity filter and an acceleration estimation filter, and it integrates the outputs of two filters using the normalized distance of the prediction error of each filter. The computational requirement of the proposed filter is smaller than that of the IMM since the proposed filter consists of only two Kalman based filters. The proposed method can prevent deteriorating tracking accuracy by reducing the risk of maneuver misdetection when a target maneuvers. We evaluate the performance of the proposed filter by computer simulation, and show the effectiveness of the proposed filter, comparing with the conventional Kalman filter and the two-stage Kalman filter.