Assuring Communications by Balancing Cell Load in Cellular Network

Xiaoxin WU
S.-H. Gary CHAN

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E86-B    No.10    pp.2912-2921
Publication Date: 2003/10/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (IEICE/IEEE Joint Special Issue on Assurance Systems and Networks)
Category: Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
cellular network,  integrated network,  multi-hop,  channel allocation,  ad hoc network,  

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In a fixed-channel-allocation (FCA) cellular network, a fixed number of channels are assigned to each cell. However, under this scheme, the channel usage may not be efficient because of the variability in the offered traffic. Different approaches such as channel borrowing (CB) and dynamic channel allocation (DCA) have been proposed to accommodate variable traffic. Our work expands on the CB scheme and proposes a new channel-allocation scheme--called mobile-assisted connection-admission (MACA) algorithm--to achieve load balancing in a cellular network, so as to assure network communication. In this scheme, some special channels are used to directly connect mobile units from different cells; thus, a mobile unit, which is unable to connect to its own base station because it is in a heavily-loaded "hot" cell, may be able to get connected to its neighboring lightly-loaded cold cell's base station through a two-hop link. Research results show that MACA can greatly improve the performance of a cellular network by reducing blocking probabilities.