A Training Method of Average Voice Model for HMM-Based Speech Synthesis

Junichi YAMAGISHI  Masatsune TAMURA  Takashi MASUKO  Keiichi TOKUDA  Takao KOBAYASHI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E86-A    No.8    pp.1956-1963
Publication Date: 2003/08/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Digital Signal Processing)
decision tree,  context clustering,  speaker adaptation,  speaker adaptive training,  average voice model,  HMM-based speech synthesis,  

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This paper describes a new training method of average voice model for speech synthesis in which arbitrary speaker's voice is generated based on speaker adaptation. When the amount of training data is limited, the distributions of average voice model often have bias depending on speaker and/or gender and this will degrade the quality of synthetic speech. In the proposed method, to reduce the influence of speaker dependence, we incorporate a context clustering technique called shared decision tree context clustering and speaker adaptive training into the training procedure of average voice model. From the results of subjective tests, we show that the average voice model trained using the proposed method generates more natural sounding speech than the conventional average voice model. Moreover, it is shown that voice characteristics and prosodic features of synthetic speech generated from the adapted model using the proposed method are closer to the target speaker than the conventional method.