A Time-Varying Subband Transform with Projection-Based Reconstruction

Toshihisa TANAKA  Takateru SAITO  Yukihiko YAMASHITA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E86-A   No.8   pp.1935-1941
Publication Date: 2003/08/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Digital Signal Processing)
Category: 
Keyword: 
subband transform,  filter bank,  POCS,  image coding,  

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Summary: 
A novel class of time-varying subband transforms and its application in image coding are introduced. We construct the framework in which an analysis subband transform is chosen from a given set of analysis transforms and perfect reconstruction is achieved. To this end, we suggest the reconstruction method from the transformed coefficients by applying the theory of convex projections (POCS). We introduce convex sets for perfect reconstruction from the transformed vector. We further propose other convex sets which assure smoothness of plane regions for image coding applications. We show several image coding examples. The proposed coding method is an extension of conventional one with multiple block-based transforms. At each time instance (block), the transform to be applied is chosen from a given set of orthogonal subband transforms according to a certain criterion. Experimental results show that the use of multiple subband transforms leads to the improvement of coding performance compared to the use of single transform even though there exists side information.