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MMSE Mobile Station Positioning Method Using Signal Strength in Cellular Systems
Hideyuki MATSUTANI Ryoji YAMAMOTO Hideo MATSUKI Tomoyoshi OONO Seizo ONOE
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
Publication Date: 2003/07/01
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Multi-dimensional Mobile Information Networks)
positioning method, signal strength, probability density function, shadowing, MMSE,
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A mobile station (MS) positioning method using signal strength is an algorithm to estimate the geographical position of a target MS based on measured strength of signals transmitted to/from the MS from/to multiple base stations (BSs) at known geographical positions. This paper proposes a novel MS positioning method using signal strength in cellular systems. The primary sources of position location error for positioning methods using signal strength are multipath fading and shadowing. Although signal strength averaging can help to reduce the effect of multipath fading, the effect of shadowing still remains. In order to eliminate the error caused by shadowing, the proposed method applies a statistical approach and a minimum mean squared error (MMSE) criterion to determine a position estimate. The performance of the proposed method is compared to that of a maximum likelihood (ML) positioning method and a cell-site positioning method. The performance is obtained by computer simulations and field experiments. A computer simulation result shows that the proposed method can determine position estimates in higher probability than the ML method. Also, it is shown that the proposed method provides higher accuracy than the ML method and the cell-site method.