A Fractional Phase Interpolator Using Two-Step Integration for Frequency Multiplication and Direct Digital Synthesis

Hideyuki NOSAKA  Yo YAMAGUCHI  Akihiro YAMAGISHI  Masahiro MURAGUCHI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E86-A   No.2   pp.304-312
Publication Date: 2003/02/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Analog Circuit Techniques and Related Topics)
Category: 
Keyword: 
DDS,  frequency synthesizers,  jitter elimination,  wireless communications,  

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Summary: 
We propose a new phase interpolator that provides precise fractional phase pulses without the need to adjust circuit constants. The variable phases are produced by detecting the coincidence of two voltages, the ramp wave and the threshold voltage. The new phase interpolator can keep the same ramp wave slope and the same threshold voltage for different output phases. This significantly reduces the power dissipation of the voltage comparator. This phase interpolator can be applied to various timing circuits and clock generators, such as frequency multipliers and direct digital synthesizers. We present a novel frequency doubler, a novel frequency tripler, a direct digital synthesizer (DDS), and a novel wideband DDS (WDDS) as applications of our new phase interpolator, which uses 0.35-mm CMOS process technology. Experimental results confirm the functionarity of the new phase interpolator. An 8-bit complete DDS IC dissipates only 2.1 mA at a 50-MHz clock rate and a supply voltage of 2.8 V.